Are you looking a way to pass the fourth coming agriculture examination. You must go through this text and see what you want

Don’t forget to ask questions where you find it so hard.

What is Agriculture all about 2024 complete guide

The word agriculture is derived from a Latin words “Ager” meaning field and “cultura” meaning cultivation. It mainly deals with the study of structures of plants and animals

Therefore, Agriculture is defined as the art and science that deals with the study of preparing livestock feed, rearing of animals, processing livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities.

Livestock management: refers to the application of the principles of animal breeding, feeding, housing, organization and disease control in suitable manner for a specific situation. It relate with a terminology in animal husbandry, which the animals has it life and characteristics.

Description of Agriculture

Agric is mostly based on food crop and rearing of animals. It is participated in field art and science. It also study the cells organisms and some parasite which includes

  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Virus

It also study living organisms. This refers to the activities of plants, microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, virus, protozoa, microorganisms like earthworm, termite, rodents and man. It is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops, and raising livestock. It is the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. It has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms—wet-rice production in Asia, wheat farming in Europe, cattle ranching in the Americas, and the like—but a more holistic perspective holds that humans are environmental engineers who disrupt terrestrial habitats in specific ways. Anthropogenic disruptions such as clearing vegetation or tilling the soil cause a variety of localized changes; common effects include an increase in the amount of light reaching ground level and a reduction in the competition among organisms. As a result, an area may produce more of the plants or animals that people desire for food, technology, medicine, and other uses.

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Importance of Agriculture

  1. It provides job opportunity.
  2. It helps in availability of goods
  3. Provisions of shelter and clothing.
  4. Provisions of food.
  5. It provides source of income. It serves as the source of income to us, it revenue and realizes goods from our sales of Agricultural products.
  6. Provisions of mineral resources for industries.
  7. It helps to import and export goods. Through the process of importing and exporting goods, it helps us to sell out our good and obtain another from other countries.
  8. Provisions of foreign exchange.
  9. It provides employment in the society.
  10. Afforestation: This means that agriculture provide the growing of trees so as to prevent erosion, desert encroachment and wood for fuel and serve as for wildlife.

Benefits of Agriculture

  1. It encourage our economic development.
  2. It make availability of goods and services
  3. It also maintain agriculture social order.
  4. It provides excess food.
  5. Through agriculture, it protect us from famine.
  6. It gives us the opportunity to participate in agriculture.

Effect of Agriculture

  • It lead to the pollution of the country.
  • Pesticides, fertilizers and other toxic farm chemicals can poison fresh water, marine ecosystems, air and soil.
  • It can also remain in the environment for generations.
  • It affects the environment both positively and negatively.
  • It can lead to erosion.
  • Burning of bushes reduces the nutrients of the soil.
  • Overgrazing is one of the effect of Agriculture.
  • Excess of chemical in a land destroys land, there by making  the land to produce poor vegetation. Overgrazing can be defined as the practice of grazing too many livestock for too long a period on land unable to recover its vegetation, or of grazing ruminants on land not suitable for grazing as a result of certain physical parameters such as its slope. Overgrazing exceeds the carrying capacity of a pasture.

Eligibility to Agriculture

  1. You must have class 12 or any equivalent exam.
  2. They should complete their higher secondary school level with science subject such as chemistry, biology, physics and mathematics.
  3. Minimum mark of 40 – 50 % marks in PCB ( printed circuit board) is mandatory.
  4. sittings: Physics, Economics, Geography, Technical drawing, Food & Nutrition as well as Animal Husbandry/Fisheries.
  5. Five O’ level credit passes in SSCE or its equivalent examination which must include English Language, Mathematics, Agricultural Science/Biology .

Tips to pass Agricultural Science

  1. Develop reading skills.
  2. Create reading group.
  3. Avoid disturbance
  4. You must study all the science courses
  5. You must work hard.
  6. Understand the context of the text.
  7. Ensure that you the correct scheme of work.
  8. Always ask questions             It is vital that students get the very most out of the paper. In order to do this, John explains that students must read each question carefully – at least three times – and answer what suits them the best and what they’re most comfortable with first. This will allow the student to settle into the paper and give them more confidence. John also emphasises that students should never leave blanks. “Write something down, you may get marks for it!” he says.
  9. Try to know if you can add your knowledge, that will make you understand more.
  10. You must have time of studying.
  11. You must think critically.

Conclusion: Remember, Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa. At least eleven separate regions of the Old and New World were involved as independent centers of origin. The development of agriculture about 12,000 years ago changed the way humans lived.

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