There’s a difference between secondary school and primary school institution. Secondary school involves or provides secondary education and also usually includes the building where this takes place. It starts from the age of 12 to 14, after your primary school at the of 6 years to 12 and end usually at the age of 14 to 17 years, which comprises both junior and senior secondary school. Each level is three years duration. It is also made for students intermediate between elementary school and college; usually from grade of 13 to 16. The dichotomy between elementary education and secondary education has gradually become less marked, not only in curricula but also in organization. The proliferation of middle schools, junior schools, junior high schools, and other divisions has produced systems with more than two stages. Secondary school is also known as high school. Secondary school prepares students for life after formal high school, they offer more specific skill like training, critical thinking, and application of learning in various situations. Those in high school make more independence and the right to make choices on their own. During the 3 years of Junior Secondary School education, students are to take subjects such as Mathematics, English, Social Studies, cultural and creative arts, basic science and technology, pre-vocational studies, French, business education, Home Economics, Computer Studies or Fine arts. Secondary education is a crucial stage in students’ academic journey, that prepares them for future success in higher education and the workforce.

While, primary school; is a crucial stage made for children at age of 6 to 12 years. Primary education, also called elementary education, is for children in kindergarten through sixth grade. Primary education provides students with a basic understanding of various subjects as well as the skills they will use throughout their lives.

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The purpose of secondary school

  1. Is to prepare the students for the challenges of higher education by giving them a strong academic foundation.
  2. Is to develop their thinking faculty.
  3. Is to develop social and communication skills.
  4. To enhance the understanding and respect for  own and other people’s culture.
  5. To prepare the students so that they will be useful living in the society.
  6. To enlighten the students and give them more knowledge.

The purpose of primary school

  • To acquire literacy.
  • Numeracy
  • To develop creativity and communication skills.
  • To develop into self discipline.
  • To develop individual talent.

The importance of secondary school

  • Secondary education enhances their interpersonal skills and their sense of responsibility and compassion towards others.
  • It also provide opportunity for the students to develop the important of life skills; such as critical thinking, communication and problem solving.
  • It provides beneficiaries for both literary and basic skills.
  • It develop our brain the more after primary school.
  • It set and achieves goals for the students.
  • It makes them to be independent learning skills
  • It enables them to know their rights.

Importance of primary school

  1. It forms the bedrock of development. When you talks about bedrock, it speaks about foundation.
  2. Good quality education empowers.
  3. It develops the understanding of the child.
  4. It improves children awareness.
  5. It reduces inter- generational poverty.

Advantages of secondary school

  1. It improves critical thinking and communication skills. In secondary education, students are exposed to diverse subject and ideas, which allows them to develop their analytical thinking and problem solving.
  2. It gives better health. Through secondary education, individuals can qualify for a broader range of jobs with higher earning potential.
  3. It enhances problem solving skills and develop civic engagement.
  4. It makes you self confidence. secondary education is a significant accomplishment that can help students build self-confidence. It demonstrates their ability to set goals, work hard, and achieve their objectives. This sense of accomplishment boosts their self-esteem and motivates them to pursue further education and career goals.
  5. Increased earning potential. The secondary education gives you more indepth knowledge to buy and sell and also make professional in it.

Advantages of primary school

  • It develop reading and communication skills.
  • It teaches independence and confidence.
  • It support social and emotional development.
  • It gives you the key to personal growth.
  • It gives better knowledge.

Disadvantages of secondary School

  • Politics

Unfortunately, there is a political component to being a school owner. You have to be diplomatic in your approach with students, teachers, and parents.

  • Negativity

As a student, you deal with many more negatives than you  positives. The only time you will actually deal with students face-to-face is because of a discipline issue

  • Responsibility

As a secondary school students, you are responsible for every student, every teacher/coach, every supporting member, and every program in their building

  • Time

In running a secondary school, you spend a much greater time doing your job.

Disadvantages of primary school

  1. Inadequate funding.
  2. Shortage of qualified teachers.
  3. Unequal infrastructure facilities.
  4. Poor Parenting. The most part of it is, some of the evil behind our schools today stems from the homes. Most parents have shunned their Cardinal duty of providing moral guidance to their children and wards, leaving them to see vices such as examination malpractice and cultism as normalised behaviour.
  5. Indiscipline. It’s almost ironically that a sector that should extol the virtues of discipline is the one that is the most indiscipline. To be honest, there is wanton indiscipline within the Nigerian educational sector, one that is an offshoot of the erosion of moral standards in the Nigerian society.

In conclusion, the difference between secondary and primary school is, this age gap reflects significant differences in cognitive development and learning abilities.


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